ត្សៃ អ៊ីងវិន

ត្សៃ អ៊ីងវិនឆាយ អ៊ីងវិន (ចិនសាមញ្ញ: 蔡英文, ចិនពេញ: 蔡英文, ភីនអ៊ីន: Cài yīngwén កើត 31 សីហា 1956) ជាអ្នកនយោបាយតៃវ៉ាន់ និងការសិក្សាបម្រើជាប្រធានាធិបតីទី 7 របស់សាធារណរដ្ឋចិន (តៃវ៉ាន់) ចាប់តាំងពីឆ្នាំ 2016 សមាជិករបស់គណបក្សជឿនលឿនប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ (Democrat Progressive Party - DPP) ត្សៃជាប្រធានាធិបតីស្ត្រីដំបូងរបស់តៃវ៉ាន់ នាងបានបម្រើជាប្រធានគណបក្សជឿនលឿនប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ តាំងពីឆ្នាំ 2020 ហើយពីមុនពីឆ្នាំ 2008 ដល់ 2014 និង 2014 ដល់ 2018 ។

ត្សៃ អ៊ីងវិន
蔡英文

ប្រធានាធិបតីនៃសាធារណរដ្ឋចិន
កាន់តំណែង
តំណែងបានកាន់​ 
20 May 2016
នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ដំបូង លីន ឈួន
ឡាយ ឈីងតេ
អនុប្រធានាធិបតី ឆេន ចៀនយ៉េន
អ្នកមុន ម៉ា អ៊ីងជីវ

ប្រធានគណបក្សជឿនលឿនប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ
កាន់តំណែង
តំណែងបានកាន់​ 
28 May 2014
អ្នកមុន ស៊ូ ត្សេងឆាង
កាន់តំណែង
27 April 2011 – 14 January 2012
អ្នកមុន គ័រ ចៀនមីង (Acting)
អ្នកស្នង ឆេន ជូ (Acting)
កាន់តំណែង
20 May 2008 – 17 March 2011
អ្នកមុន សៀ ចាងធីង (Acting)
អ្នកស្នង គ័រ ចៀនមីង (Acting)

ឧបនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីនៃសាធារណរដ្ឋតៃវ៉ាន់
កាន់តំណែង
25 January 2006 – 21 May 2007
នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ដំបូង ស៊ូ ត្សេងឆាង
អ្នកមុន អ៊ូ រ៉ុងអ៊ី
អ្នកស្នង ឈីវ អ៊ីយ៉េន

សមាជិកព្រឹទ្ធសភា
កាន់តំណែង
1 February 2005 – 24 January 2006
អ្នកស្នង អ៊ូ មីងមីង

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រីនៃក្រុមប្រឹក្សាកិច្ចការដីគោក
កាន់តំណែង
20 May 2000 – 20 May 2004
នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ដំបូង ថាង ហ្វេ
ចាង ចុនសង់
យ៉ូវ ស៊ីគុន
Deputy ឆេន មីងថុង
អ្នកមុន ស៊ូ ឈី
អ្នកស្នង អ៊ូ ចាវសៀ
ព័ត៌មានលំអិត
កើត (1956-08-31) 31 សីហា 1956 (អាយុ 65)
តៃប៉ិ, ប្រទេសតៃវ៉ាន់
Political party ឯករាជ្យ (មុនឆ្នាំ 2004)
គណបក្សជឿនលឿនប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ (បន្ទាប់ពីឆ្នាំ 2004)
Residence ទីលំនៅយ៉ុងហេ
Signature
ត្សៃ អ៊ីងវិន
Tsai Ing-wen (Chinese characters).svg
"Tsai Ing-wen" in Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Hanyu PinyinCài Yīngwén

Early careerកែប្រែ

Tsai was born in Zhongshan District, Taipei, Taiwan[១] on 31 August 1956,[២] the youngest of 11 children of her father.[៣][៤][៥] Her father, Tsai Chieh-sheng (1918–2006), was a businessman who ran an auto repair shop,[៦] her mother Chang Chin-fong (1925–2018) was a housewife.[ត្រូវការអំណះអំណាង] Her given name, Ing-wen (英文), could be translated as "heroic literature" or "English language".[៧] During her middle school period, she studied in Taipei Municipal Zhongshan Girls High School.[៨] She studied law at the behest of her father.[៩] After graduating at the College of Law, National Taiwan University, in 1978, Tsai obtained a Master of Laws at Cornell University Law School in 1980 and then a Ph.D. in law at the London School of Economics in 1984.[១០][១១] Upon her return to Taiwan, she taught law at the School of Law of Soochow University and National Chengchi University, both in Taipei.[១២][១៣]

She was also appointed to the Fair Trade Commission and the Copyright Commission. She served as consultant for the Mainland Affairs Council and the National Security Council.[១២] She also led the drafting team on the Statute Governing Relations with Hong Kong and Macau (港澳關係條例).[១៤][១៥]

Rise in politicsកែប្រែ

In 2000, Tsai was given the high-profile appointment of chair of the Mainland Affairs Council. Confirming the widely held belief that she maintained Pan-Green sympathies, Tsai joined the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in 2004.[២] She was subsequently nominated by the DPP to be a candidate in the 2004 legislative election and was elected as a legislator-at-large.

On 26 January 2006, Tsai was appointed to the post of vice president of the Executive Yuan, a position commonly referred to as vice premier. She concurrently served as chairwoman of the Consumer Protection Commission.

On 17 May 2007, Tsai, along with the rest of the cabinet of out-going Premier Su Tseng-chang, resigned to make way for incoming Premier Chang Chun-hsiung and his cabinet. Premier Chang named Chiou I-jen, the incumbent secretary-general of the Presidential Office to replace Tsai as vice premier.[១៦] She then served as the chair of TaiMedBiologics, a biotechnology company based in Taiwan. The Kuomintang accused Tsai of contracting government work out to TaiMedBiologics during her term as vice premier, while planning to leave the government and lead the company afterward.[១៧][១៨] She was later cleared of all alleged wrongdoing.[១៩]

In Kuomintang candidate Ma Ying-jeou's search for his running mate for the 2008 ROC presidential election, Tsai, a DPP member, was surprisingly suggested. Ma stated that there were no set criteria for a running mate, that his search would not be defined by gender, occupation, or even political party affiliations.[២០]

On 19 May 2008, Tsai defeated Koo Kwang-ming in the election for DPP chair, and succeeded outgoing Frank Hsieh as the 12th-term chair of the party. She was the first woman to chair a major Taiwanese political party.

 
Tsai Ing-wen, President of the Republic of China and current DPP Chairperson (2008–2012, 2014–present)

2016កែប្រែ

 
Tsai's campaign headquarters in 2016
 
President Tsai and Paraguay's President Horacio Cartes in Taiwan, 20 May 2016

On 15 February 2015, Tsai officially registered for the Democratic Progressive Party's presidential nomination primary.[២១] Though William Lai and Su Tseng-chang were seen as likely opponents,[២២] Tsai was the only candidate to run in the primary and the DPP officially nominated her as the presidential candidate on 15 April.[២៣][២៤] She was the first-ever female candidate for President of Taiwan.

During summer of 2015, Tsai embarked on a visit to the United States and met a number of US policy makers including Senators John McCain and Jack Reed.[២៥] In her speech addressing Taiwanese diaspora on the east coast of the United States, Tsai signaled a willingness to cooperate with the rising Third Party coalition in Taiwan in the incoming general election.[២៦] On November 14, Tsai's campaign announced that she had chosen Chen Chien-jen as DPP vice presidential candidate.[២៧] On 16 January 2016, Tsai won the presidential election, beating her opponent Eric Chu by a margin of 25.04%.[២៨] Tsai was inaugurated as president on 20 May 2016.

After her election, Tsai was named "The 100 Most Influential People" in TIME magazine 2 May 2016 issue.[២៩]

Further readingកែប្រែ


Referencesកែប្រែ

  1. Must-know facts about Taiwan's presidential candidates. Asia Times (17 December 2015).Retrieved on 21 January 2016.
  2. ២,០ ២,១ About Democratic Progressive Party presidential candidate Tsai Ing-wen. Taiwan News (23 September 2015).Retrieved on 21 January 2016.
  3. Tsai Ing-wen's brothers vow they will avoid conflicts of interests (14 March 2016).Retrieved on 14 March 2016.
  4. Tsai Ing-wen: Taiwan's quiet revolutionary. The Globe and Mail (15 January 2016).Retrieved on 21 January 2016.
  5. Democratic Progressive Party's Tsai Ing-wen becomes Taiwan's first woman president. Straits Times (16 January 2015).Retrieved on 21 January 2016.
  6. ().President Tsai. '
  7. Tom Phillips .Taiwan elections: the British educated scholar soon to be the most powerful woman in the Chinese-speaking world. the Guardian
  8. 蔡英文回母校中山女高 勉学妹温柔有企图心 Retrieved 11 September 2016
  9. A Woman of Many Parts: Tsai Ing-wen. Taiwan Panorama (July 2012).Retrieved on 21 January 2016.
  10. Profile: Tsai Ing-wen. BBC (12 January 2012)Retrieved on 2 January 2015.
  11. Ing-Wen Tsai: Executive Profile & Biography – BusinessWeek. Bloomberg Business Retrieved on 16 January 2015.
  12. ១២,០ ១២,១ Copper, John F. (2012). The KMT Returns to Power. Lexington Books. p. 188. ល.ស.ប.អ. 9780739174784. https://books.google.com/books?id=HbBKKy_TEcIC&pg=PA188&lpg=PA188. 
  13. Vice Premier Tsai is nobody's fool. Taipei Times .Retrieved on 6 February 2017.
  14. Tsai Criticizes "One Country, Two Areas" Now, But Used To Advocate "One Country, Four Areas". United Daily News. Kuomintang News Network (26 March 2012)Retrieved on 10 December 2014.
  15. A New Era in Cross-Strait Relations? Taiwan and China in the WTO. Heritage Foundation (14 January 2002)Retrieved on 10 December 2014.
  16. The China Post (17 May 2007)។ "Taiwan's new premier picks tough strategist as deputy in limited Cabinet reshuffle"។ Press releasehttp://www.chinapost.com.tw/news/archives/front/2007517/109921.htm។ បានយកមក 22 May 2008 
  17. Taiwan DPP presidential candidate Tsai Ing-wen strongly defends integrity in biotech investment case. Taiwan News (16 December 2011).Retrieved on 2 January 2015.
  18. 2012 ELECTIONS: Yu Chang papers altered twice: DPP. Taipei Times (22 December 2011).Retrieved on 2 January 2015.
  19. Tsai cleared of Yu Chang allegations. Taipei Times (15 August 2012).Retrieved on 2 January 2015.
  20. 又傳創意組合 蔡英文會是馬英九副手搭檔?. China Review News. crntt.com (1 June 2007)Retrieved on 4 January 2015.
  21. Tsai Ing-wen makes bid official. Taipei Times (16 February 2015).Retrieved on 16 February 2015.
  22. Tsai Ing-wen declares candidacy. Taipei Times (15 February 2015).Retrieved on 26 May 2016.
  23. DPP to nominate chairwoman to run for president in 2016 (14 April 2015).Retrieved on 15 April 2015.
  24. Tsai Ing-wen to run for president as DPP's candidate (15 April 2015).Retrieved on 15 April 2015.
  25. Contributing reporter. Taipei Times. Taipei Times (7 June 2015)Retrieved on 8 June 2015.
  26. Tsai signals more space for third-party hopefuls. Taipei Times. Taipei Times (7 June 2015)Retrieved on 8 June 2015.
  27. Academia Sinica VP confirmed as running mate of Tsai Ing-wen (14 November 2015).Retrieved on 15 November 2015.
  28. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :0
  29. (21 April 2016)"Tsai Ing-wen". TIME (2 May 2016 vol 187 No 16&17).