Tsai Ing-wen (born 31 August 1956) is a Taiwanese politician, legal scholar, attorney, and the current President of the Republic of China, commonly known as President of Taiwan, since May 20, 2016. The first woman to be elected to the office, Tsai is the seventh president of the Republic of China under the 1947 Constitution and the second president from the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). She is also the first president to be of both Hakka and aboriginal descent (a quarter Paiwan from her grandmother), the first unmarried president, the first to have never held an elected executive post before presidency and the first to be popularly elected without having previously served as the Mayor of Taipei (the capital city of Taiwan). She is the incumbent Chair of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) and was the party's presidential candidate in the 2012 and 2016 presidential elections. Tsai previously served as party chair from 2008 to 2012.
20 May 2016
28 May 2014
27 April 2011 – 14 January 2012
|អ្នកមុន||Ker Chien-ming (Acting)|
|អ្នកស្នង||Chen Chu (Acting)|
20 May 2008 – 17 March 2011
|អ្នកមុន||Frank Hsieh (Acting)|
|អ្នកស្នង||Ker Chien-ming (Acting)|
25 January 2006 – 21 May 2007
Member of the Legislative Yuan
1 February 2005 – 24 January 2006
Minister of the Mainland Affairs Council
20 May 2000 – 20 May 2004
|កើត||31 សីហា 1956|
|Political party||Independent (Before 2004)|
Democratic Progressive Party (After 2004)
"Tsai Ing-wen" in Chinese characters
|Hanyu Pinyin||Cài Yīngwén|
Tsai studied law and international trade, and later became a law professor at Soochow University School of Law and National Chengchi University after earning an LLB from National Taiwan University, an LLM from Cornell Law School and a Ph.D. in law from the London School of Economics and Political Science. In 1993, as an independent (without party affiliation), she was appointed to a series of governmental positions, including trade negotiator for WTO affairs, by the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT) and was one of the chief drafters of the special state-to-state relations doctrine of then President Lee Teng-hui.
After DPP President Chen Shui-bian took office in 2000, Tsai served as Minister of the Mainland Affairs Council throughout Chen's first term as a non-partisan. She joined the DPP in 2004 and served briefly as a DPP-nominated at-large member of the Legislative Yuan. From there, she was appointed Vice Premier under Premier Su Tseng-chang until the cabinet's mass resignation in 2007. She was elected and assumed DPP leadership in 2008, following her party's defeat in the 2008 presidential election. She resigned as chair after losing her 2012 presidential election bid.
Tsai ran for New Taipei City mayorship in the November 2010 municipal elections but was defeated by another former vice premier, Eric Chu (KMT). In April 2011, Tsai became the first female presidential candidate of a major party in the history of the Republic of China after defeating her former superior, Su Tseng-chang, in the DPP's primary by a slight margin. She was defeated by incumbent Kuomintang candidate Ma Ying-jeou in the 5th direct presidential election in 2012, but was elected by a landslide four years later in the sixth direct presidential election in 2016.
Tsai was born in Zhongshan District, Taipei, Taiwan on 31 August 1956, the youngest of 11 children of her father. Her father, Tsai Chieh-sheng (1918–2006), was a businessman who ran an auto repair shop, her mother Chang Chin-fong (1925–2018) was a housewife.[ត្រូវការអំណះអំណាង] Her given name, Ing-wen (英文), could be translated as "heroic literature" or "English language". During her middle school period, she studied in Taipei Municipal Zhongshan Girls High School. She studied law at the behest of her father. After graduating at the College of Law, National Taiwan University, in 1978, Tsai obtained a Master of Laws at Cornell University Law School in 1980 and then a Ph.D. in law at the London School of Economics in 1984. Upon her return to Taiwan, she taught law at the School of Law of Soochow University and National Chengchi University, both in Taipei.
She was also appointed to the Fair Trade Commission and the Copyright Commission. She served as consultant for the Mainland Affairs Council and the National Security Council. She also led the drafting team on the Statute Governing Relations with Hong Kong and Macau (港澳關係條例).
Rise in politicsកែប្រែ
In 2000, Tsai was given the high-profile appointment of chair of the Mainland Affairs Council. Confirming the widely held belief that she maintained Pan-Green sympathies, Tsai joined the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in 2004. She was subsequently nominated by the DPP to be a candidate in the 2004 legislative election and was elected as a legislator-at-large.
On 26 January 2006, Tsai was appointed to the post of vice president of the Executive Yuan, a position commonly referred to as vice premier. She concurrently served as chairwoman of the Consumer Protection Commission.
On 17 May 2007, Tsai, along with the rest of the cabinet of out-going Premier Su Tseng-chang, resigned to make way for incoming Premier Chang Chun-hsiung and his cabinet. Premier Chang named Chiou I-jen, the incumbent secretary-general of the Presidential Office to replace Tsai as vice premier. She then served as the chair of TaiMedBiologics, a biotechnology company based in Taiwan. The Kuomintang accused Tsai of contracting government work out to TaiMedBiologics during her term as vice premier, while planning to leave the government and lead the company afterward. She was later cleared of all alleged wrongdoing.
In Kuomintang candidate Ma Ying-jeou's search for his running mate for the 2008 ROC presidential election, Tsai, a DPP member, was surprisingly suggested. Ma stated that there were no set criteria for a running mate, that his search would not be defined by gender, occupation, or even political party affiliations.
On 19 May 2008, Tsai defeated Koo Kwang-ming in the election for DPP chair, and succeeded outgoing Frank Hsieh as the 12th-term chair of the party. She was the first woman to chair a major Taiwanese political party.
On 15 February 2015, Tsai officially registered for the Democratic Progressive Party's presidential nomination primary. Though William Lai and Su Tseng-chang were seen as likely opponents, Tsai was the only candidate to run in the primary and the DPP officially nominated her as the presidential candidate on 15 April. She was the first-ever female candidate for President of Taiwan.
During summer of 2015, Tsai embarked on a visit to the United States and met a number of US policy makers including Senators John McCain and Jack Reed. In her speech addressing Taiwanese diaspora on the east coast of the United States, Tsai signaled a willingness to cooperate with the rising Third Party coalition in Taiwan in the incoming general election. On November 14, Tsai's campaign announced that she had chosen Chen Chien-jen as DPP vice presidential candidate. On 16 January 2016, Tsai won the presidential election, beating her opponent Eric Chu by a margin of 25.04%. Tsai was inaugurated as president on 20 May 2016.
After her election, Tsai was named "The 100 Most Influential People" in TIME magazine 2 May 2016 issue.
- Yang, Wan-Ying; Lee, Kuan-Chen (July 2016) "Ready for a Female President in Taiwan?" Journal of Women, Politics & Policy Taylor and Francis 37 (4): 464–489 doi:10.1080/1554477X.2016.1192433.
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs brochures MOFA-EN-FO-105-011-I-1 (also appearing in Taiwan Review, May/June 2016) and −004-I-1.
- "Must-know facts about Taiwan's presidential candidates" Asia Times 17 December 2015 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 21 January 2016
- "About Democratic Progressive Party presidential candidate Tsai Ing-wen" Taiwan News 23 September 2015 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 21 January 2016
- Yeh, Sophia; Chang, S.C. (14 March 2016) "Tsai Ing-wen's brothers vow they will avoid conflicts of interests" Central News Agency ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 14 March 2016
- Vanderklippe, Nathan (15 January 2016) "Tsai Ing-wen: Taiwan's quiet revolutionary" The Globe and Mail ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 21 January 2016
- Li, Xueying (16 January 2015) "Democratic Progressive Party's Tsai Ing-wen becomes Taiwan's first woman president" Straits Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 21 January 2016
- "President Tsai"
- Tom Phillips "Taiwan elections: the British educated scholar soon to be the most powerful woman in the Chinese-speaking world" the Guardian
- 蔡英文回母校中山女高 勉学妹温柔有企图心 Retrieved 11 September 2016
- Chen, Hsin-yi (July 2012) "A Woman of Many Parts: Tsai Ing-wen" Taiwan Panorama ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 21 January 2016
- "Profile: Tsai Ing-wen" BBC 12 January 2012 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2 January 2015
- "Ing-Wen Tsai: Executive Profile & Biography – BusinessWeek" Bloomberg Business ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 16 January 2015
- Copper, John F. (2012) The KMT Returns to Power Lexington Books p. 188 ISBN 9780739174784
- Chuang, Jimmy "Vice Premier Tsai is nobody's fool" Taipei Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 6 February 2017
- "Tsai Criticizes "One Country, Two Areas" Now, But Used To Advocate "One Country, Four Areas"" United Daily News Kuomintang News Network 26 March 2012 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 10 December 2014
- Tsai, Ing-wen; Wortzel, Larry (14 January 2002) "A New Era in Cross-Strait Relations? Taiwan and China in the WTO" Heritage Foundation ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 10 December 2014
- The China Post (17 May 2007)។ "Taiwan's new premier picks tough strategist as deputy in limited Cabinet reshuffle"។ Press release។ http://www.chinapost.com.tw/news/archives/front/2007517/109921.htm។ បានយកមក 22 May 2008។
- "Taiwan DPP presidential candidate Tsai Ing-wen strongly defends integrity in biotech investment case" Taiwan News 16 December 2011 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2 January 2015
- Wang, Chris (22 December 2011) "2012 ELECTIONS: Yu Chang papers altered twice: DPP" Taipei Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2 January 2015
- Chang, Rich (15 August 2012) "Tsai cleared of Yu Chang allegations" Taipei Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2 January 2015
- "又傳創意組合 蔡英文會是馬英九副手搭檔？" China Review News crntt.com 1 June 2007 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 4 January 2015
- Loa, Iok-sin (16 February 2015) "Tsai Ing-wen makes bid official" Taipei Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 16 February 2015
- Loa, Iok-sin (15 February 2015) "Tsai Ing-wen declares candidacy" Taipei Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 26 May 2016
- Lu, Hsin-hui; Kao, Evelyn (14 April 2015) "DPP to nominate chairwoman to run for president in 2016" Central News Agency ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 15 April 2015
- Yeh, Sophia; Wang, Flor (15 April 2015) "Tsai Ing-wen to run for president as DPP's candidate" Central News Agency ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 15 April 2015
- Fuchs, Chris (7 June 2015) "Contributing reporter" Taipei Times Taipei Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 8 June 2015
- Loa, Iok-sin (7 June 2015) "Tsai signals more space for third-party hopefuls" Taipei Times Taipei Times Taipei Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 8 June 2015
- Chen, Chi-fon; Chen, Chi-chung; Wu, Lilian (14 November 2015) "Academia Sinica VP confirmed as running mate of Tsai Ing-wen" Central News Agency ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 15 November 2015
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- Lai, Jimmy (21 April 2016) "Tsai Ing-wen" TIME (2 May 2016 vol 187 No 16&17)