ភាសាប៉ាស្តូ

[[ឯកសារ: ភាសាប៉ាស្តូ (پښتو pax̌tō [ˈpəʂt̪oː, ˈpəçt̪oː, ˈpʊxt̪oː]; ត្រូវបានស្គាល់ជាប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រថា អាហ្វហ្គានី (افغاني afğānī) និង បធានី គឺជាភាសាដើមនៃប្រជាជនប៉ាស្តូនៅអាស៊ីខាងនិរតី។ ប៉ាស្តូគឺភាសាមួយក្នុងក្រុមភាសាអ៊ីរ៉ង់ខាងកើត។ ភាសាប៉ាស្តូគឺភាសាមួយក្នុងចំណោមភាសាផ្លូវការពីរនៃប្រទេសអាហ្វហ្គានីស្ថាន

ប៉ាស្តូ
پښتو
The Pashto.png
ពាក្យ ប៉ាឝ្តូ សរសេរជាប៉ាស្តូ (រចនាបថណាស្តាលីខ)
ការបញ្ចេញសំឡេង[ˈpəʂt̪oː], [ˈpəçt̪oː], [ˈpʊxt̪oː]
ដើមកំណើតនៅអាហ្វហ្គានីស្ថាន បាគីស្ថាន និង អព្យពបឋាន
ជាតិពន្ធុ​
​(ជនជាតិ)
បឋាន
អ្នកនិយាយដើមកំណើត
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "២".[១][២]
ទម្រង់ស្តង់ដារ
គ្រាមភាសា17 dialects
Arabic script (Pashto alphabet)
ស្ថានភាពផ្លូវការ
ភាសាផ្លូវការនៅក្នុង
 អាហ្វហ្គានីស្ថាន[៤]
ភាសាជនជាតិភាគតិច
ត្រូវបានទទួលស្គាល់
គ្រប់គ្រងដោយAcademy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Pashto Academy (Pakistan)[៦]
កូដភាសា
ISO 639-1ps
ISO 639-2pus
ISO 639-3pus – លេខកូដរួមបញ្ចូល
លេខកូដបុគ្គល:
pst – Central Pashto
pbu – Northern Pashto
pbt – Southern Pashto
wne – Waneci
Linguasphere58-ABD-a
ឯកសារ:Pashto-speaking regions.png
Map of Pashto-speaking regions (red)
អត្ថបទនេះមាននិមិត្តសញ្ញាសូរសព្ទ IPA ដោយគ្មានការគាំទ្រការបកប្រែត្រឹមត្រូវ អ្នកអាចឃើញសញ្ញាសួរ ប្រអប់ ឬនិមិត្តសញ្ញាផ្សេងទៀតជំនួសឱ្យតួអក្សរយូនីកូដ សម្រាប់ការណែនាំណែនាំអំពីនិមិត្តសញ្ញា IPA សូមមើល ជំនួយ:IPA

Pashto (پښتو pax̌tō [ˈpəʂt̪oː, ˈpəçt̪oː, ˈpʊxt̪oː]; alternatively spelled Pakhto, Pushto or Pukhto), also known historically as Afghani (افغاني afğānī)[៧] and Pathani,[៨] is the native language of the Pashtun people of South-Central Asia. Pashto is a member of the Eastern Iranian languages group.[៩][១០][១១] Pashto is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan[៤][១២][១៣] (the other being Dari), and is also spoken as a regional language in western and northwestern Pakistan and among the Pashtun diaspora around the world.

Pashto belongs to the Northeastern Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian language family,[៣][១៤] although Ethnologue lists it as Southeastern Iranian.[១៥] The number of Pashtuns or Pashto-speakers is estimated to be 40–60 million people worldwide.[១៦][១៧][១៨][១៨][១៩]

  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007 (39 million)
  2. ទំព័រគំរូ:ELL2
  3. ៣,០ ៣,១ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Iranica-Pashto
  4. ៤,០ ៤,១ Constitution of AfghanistanChapter 1 The State, Article 16 (Languages) and Article 20 (Anthem)
  5. Population by Mother Tongue. Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan Archived from the original on 12 កញ្ញា 2011 Retrieved on 28 December 2011
  6. Sebeok, Thomas Albert (1976). Current Trends in Linguistics: Index. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 705. 
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Leyden
  8. India. Office of the Registrar General (1961). Census of India, 1961: Gujarat. Manager of Publications. pp. 142, 166, 177. 
  9. Michael Henderson The Phonology of Pashto. University of Wisconnsin Madisson Archived from the original on 4 តុលា 2012 Retrieved on 2012-08-20
  10. Henderson, Michael (1983). "Four Variaties of Pashto". Journal of the American Oriental Society (103.595-8).
  11. Darmesteter, James (1890). Chants populaires des Afghans. Paris. 
  12. Lua error in Module:Cite_web at line 38: attempt to concatenate field 'month' (a nil value).
  13. Banting, Erinn (2003). Afghanistan: The land. Crabtree Publishing Company. p. 4. ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-7787-9335-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=KRt0HfYFZGsC&lpg=PP1&vq=place%20of%20Afghans&pg=PA4#v=onepage&q&f=false។ បានយកមក 2010-08-22. 
  14. Nicholas Sims-Williams, Eastern Iranian languages, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition, 2010. "The Modern Eastern Iranian languages are even more numerous and varied. Most of them are classified as North-Eastern: Ossetic; Yaghnobi (which derives from a dialect closely related to Sogdian); the Shughni group (Shughni, Roshani, Khufi, Bartangi, Roshorvi, Sarikoli), with which Yaz-1ghulami (Sokolova 1967) and the now extinct Wanji (J. Payne in Schmitt, p. 420) are closely linked; Ishkashmi, Sanglichi, and Zebaki; Wakhi; Munji and Yidgha; and Pashto."
  15. Lua error in Module:Cite_web at line 38: attempt to concatenate field 'month' (a nil value).
  16. Penzl, Herbert; Ismail Sloan (2009). A Grammar of Pashto a Descriptive Study of the Dialect of Kandahar, Afghanistan. Ishi Press International. pp. 210. ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-923891-72-2. http://books.google.com/?id=zvRePgAACAAJ។ បានយកមក 2010-10-25. "Estimates of the number of Pashto speakers range from 40 million to 60 million..." 
  17. Lua error in Module:Cite_web at line 38: attempt to concatenate field 'month' (a nil value).
  18. ១៨,០ ១៨,១ Pashto. Omniglot.com Retrieved on 2010-10-25  “The exact number of Pashto speakers is not known for sure, but most estimates range from 45 million to 55 million.”
  19. Thomson, Gale (2007). Countries of the World & Their Leaders Yearbook 08. 2. European Union: Indo-European Association. p. 84. ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-7876-8108-3. http://books.google.com/?id=A6vQ-x7V-bYC។ បានយកមក 2010-10-25.