Hà Nội (Hà Nội; listen ), is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city. Its population in 2009 was estimated at 2.6 million for urban districts,[១] 6.5 million for the metropolitan jurisdiction.[២] From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1945), but Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina from 1902 to 1954. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Việt Nam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam war.

ហាណូយ (Hà Nội)
Thành phố Hà Nội
(from left) top: Long Bien Bridge, river near Perfume Pagoda; middle: Turtle Tower, bottom: Temple of Literature, Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Hanoi Opera House
Official logo of ហាណូយ (Hà Nội)
Emblem of Hanoi
Provincial location in Vietnam
កូអរដោនេ: 21°2′0″N 105°51′00″E / 21.03333°N 105.85000°E / 21.03333; 105.85000Coordinates: 21°2′0″N 105°51′00″E / 21.03333°N 105.85000°E / 21.03333; 105.85000
Country Vietnam
Central cityHanoi
Founded, Capital of the Đại Việt1010
Capital of VietnamSeptember 2, 1945
 • Party's Secretary (Bí thư Thành ủy)Phạm Quang Nghị
 • People's Council's President (Chủ tịch Hội đồng Nhân Dân)Ngô Thị Doãn Thanh
 • People's Committee's President (Chủ tịch Ủy ban Nhân Dân)Nguyễn Thế Thảo
 • Municipality៣៣៤៤,៧ គម (១២៩១,៤ ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Urban១៨៦,២២ គម (៧១,៩០ ម៉ាយ ការ)
ប្រជាជន (2009)
 • Municipality៦,៥០០,០០០
 • ចំណាត់ថ្នាក់2nd in Vietnam
 • សន្ទភាពBad rounding here០,០០១៩/គម (Bad rounding here០,០០៥០/ម៉ាយ ការ)
ល្វែងម៉ោងICT (ម.ស.ស.+7)


Twin towns and sister citiesកែប្រែ

Hanoi is twinned with:



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  • Boudarel, Georges (2002) Hanoi: City Of The Rising Dragon Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-7425-1655-5
  • Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David: Vietnam Past and Present: The North (History and culture of Hanoi and Tonkin). Chiang Mai. Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006DCCM9Q.
  • Logan, William S. (2001) Hanoi: Biography of a City University of Washington Press ISBN 0-295-98014-1
  1. General Statítcs Office ò Vietnam
  2. "Vietnam's Population Soars" balita.ph
  3. "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy - Strona 4" um.warszawa.pl Biuro Promocji Miasta 2005-05-04 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2011-06-17
  4. "Hanoi Days in Moscow help sister cities"
  5. Sister Cities


ទំព័រគំរូ:Hanoi ទំព័រគំរូ:Vietnam ទំព័រគំរូ:Cities in Viet Nam

ទំព័រគំរូ:Asian Games Host Cities